Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Coughing? Wheezing? Asthma? Airway is FIRST ...then watch for developmental problems!

Could sleep apnea cause the developmental problems? Yes. Could reflux cause both asthma, and 
disrupted sleep? Yes. 

Regardless see your physician or a  pediatric pulmonary specialist to ask about asthma treatment. 


 2016;53(3):277-81. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2015.1089277. Epub 2015 Oct 30.

The association of childhood asthma with mental health 

and developmental comorbidities in low-income families.



The objective of the study was to determine 
the relationship of childhood asthma with mental health 
and developmental indicators in low-income families.


Parents/guardians of approximately 400 children, 
aged 2-14 years, were recruited from a charity hospital 
serving low income neighborhoods in the outskirts of Karachi, 
Pakistan. Mothers of children were interviewed in their 
local language by a trained nurse. Eight self-reported 
comorbidities were grouped into two constructs based 
on factor analysis and conveniently labeled as mental health 
(anxiety, attention and behavioral problems) and developmental 
problems (learning, developmental delay, hearing impairment, 
sleep and speech problems). 
Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression, 
adjusted for age, sex, presence of older siblings, 
number of people in the household, child birth weight, p
resence of mold, and family history of asthma or hay fever.


Children with asthma had 18 times greater odds 
of mental health problems 
(adjusted OR = 18.0, 95% CI: 9.2, 35.1) as compared to 
children without asthma. 
The odds of developmental problems were more than 
14 times greater for children with asthma 
(adjusted OR = 14.3, 95% CI: 7.8, 26.1) 
as compared to children without asthma.


This study found mental and developmental
 adverse consequences of childhood asthma in low-income 
families. Identifying and treating asthma at an early age 
could reduce the burden of comorbidities in this population.


Asthma; attention problems; children; developmental delay
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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