Concussion, sometimes referred to as mild traumatic brain injury, is one of the most commonly encountered sports injuries. Studies vary but rates are estimated at two million sport related concussions per year in the United States. It is also commonly believed that these are under reported injuries due to lack of recognition of the concussion and the desire of athletes to not miss time from their activity.
Collision sports (football, hockey, etc.) generally have the highest overall rates of concussion; however, they can be seen in all sporting activity. Fortunately, the overall rates of concussions are relatively low even in collision sports. Certain risk factors are associated with an increased risk of concussion or prolonged recovery. Genetics, gender, playing position, migraines, history of multiple concussions and mental disorders (depression, anxiety and ADHD) all may play a role in how an athlete is affected by a concussive injury.